A survey of the history of the various faith traditions within the economic and multicultural realities of a developing “American” identity, from colonial times to the present. While a primary focus is upon the Catholic Church in the U.S., including the presence of various Catholic ethnic groups, especially the Irish and Hispanic, there is also consideration of the place and displacement of the first native peoples and their religions, the predominant role and diversity of Protestantism, the emergent Black Church in the U.S., and the presence of non-Christian religions.
This course shall address the history of Christianity from the 5th century CE to the present day. It includes the Church and Roman government, the development of the papacy, the Reformation and its leaders, The Catholic Reformation, The Council of Trent, Wesley and Methodism, Jansenism, the French Revolution, developments in the Americas, Pius IX and Italian Unification, Leo XIII, Modernism, The First Vatican Council, John XXIII and the Second Vatican Council, John Paul II and New Evangelization, Ecumenism. It will begin with the use of history in theology.
The precursors of the Reformation; Luther’s life and teaching; the struggle to contain Lutheran ideas; John Calvin and the internationalization of the Reformation; the Catholic Reformation and the Council of Trent; the Counter-Reformation; the wars of religion; Jansenism; the suppression of the Society of Jesus; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the nineteenth century restorations; Pius IX and Italian unification; German unification; Leo XIII; Pius X and Modernism; World War I; the Church in the age of the dictators.